Septic Systems

Septic Systems

On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems

A septic system or on-site wastewater treatment system (OWTS) is a self-contained, underground wastewater treatment system, most often utilized in rural areas.

The standard septic system involves a septic tank (to hold wastewater from drainpipes until solids settle out in the tank) and a system of pipes that distributes the remaining liquid waste underground over a large area — the leach field. The goal is to make sure that this filtration through the soil is sufficient to clean the wastewater before it reaches drinking water well sources or surface waters.

State and county laws require a permit is issued by the health department prior to constructing or making repairs to a septic system.


On-Site Wastewater Treatment Requirements

  • Issuance of permits to install, repair, expand, use, or operate a system
  • Plan review, site evaluation(s) before installation, final inspection(s) after installation, and certification before the system is put into use
  • Investigation of malfunctions of systems
  • Enforcement

Septic Tank Maintenance

The cost of a septic system is a major investment. To protect that investment and prolong the life of your system, it is necessary to have the septic tank pumped. Since all solids in your household wastewater settle out in the tank, it's important to have the tank pumped to avoid having sludge block the pipes that allow the liquids to move on to the leach field for filtration. Failure to routinely pump the septic tank may result in the clogging of your leach field and cause a premature malfunction of the system.

It is recommended to pump tanks every 2 to 5 years depending on usage.

Contact 719-583-4307 for more information.