If you recently had an injury, or have chronic pain, your doctor may talk to you about prescription opioids to help manage the pain. Prescription opioids can be a helpful form of pain management, but they are not always the only option.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released four fact sheets to help you cover important questions regarding pain management options and the potential risks of opioid medications with your doctor.
View the fact sheets below to help start the conversation with your doctor to make sure you know all the risks and benefits of different treatments and how to reduce the risk of opioid addiction.
- If You Recently Had an Injury
- If you Have Chronic Pain
- If You Are Prescribed Opioids
- If You Are Prescribed Opioids, Learn How to Reduce the Risk of Addiction
For more information, visit: cdc.gov - Helpful Materials for Patients
Chronic pain differs from another type of pain called acute pain. Acute pain happens when you get hurt, such as experiencing a simple cut to your skin or a broken bone. It doesn’t last long, and it goes away after your body heals from whatever caused the pain. In contrast, chronic pain continues long after you recover from an injury or illness. Sometimes it even happens for no obvious reason. Patients with chronic pain deserve safe and effective pain management.
Interested to learn how to manage pain safely and effectively without opioids? View CDC’s Promoting Safer and More Effective Pain Management fact sheet below.
What do you need to know about prescription opioids?
Prescription opioids can be used to help relieve moderate-to-severe pain and are often prescribed following a surgery or injury, or for certain health conditions. These medications can be an important part of treatment but also come with serious risks. It is important to work with your health care provider to make sure you are getting the safest, most effective care. View this fact sheet to learn more.
Prescription Opioids: What you need to know
Stay Informed, Be Informed!
Make sure you know the name of your medication, how much and how often to take it, and its potential risks and side effects.
Learn more at cdc.gov - About CDC’s Opioid Prescribing Guideline
Women who take opioid pain medications should be aware of the possible risks during pregnancy. The use of pain medicines during pregnancy should be carefully considered. Taking opioids during pregnancy can cause problems for you and your baby. The possible risks include withdrawal symptoms in newborns and brain, spine, or spinal cord birth defects.
To learn more about opioid use during pregnancy, view CDC’s fact sheet Pregnancy and Opioid Pian Medication below.
For more information, visit:cdc.gov - About Opioid Use During Pregnancy
Are you, or is someone you know scheduled to have wisdom teeth removed? Pain after wisdom teeth removal is common, so dentists and oral surgeons may prescribe strong medicines that combine a common non-opioid pain medicine (such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or aspirin) with a stronger opioid pain medicine (such as codeine, hydrocodone, and oxycodone).
Here are some important questions to ask your dentist or oral surgeon about opioids before and after wisdom teeth removal.
How can you help protect your kids by storing medicine safely?
According to Safe Kids Worldwide, “Every 9 minutes, a young child under the age of 6 goes to the emergency room because he/she got into medicine”. Remember, child-resistant packaging is not childproof. Put medicine away immediately after every use, even if you need to give/take another dose in a few hours.
Click here to learn more about medicine safety and what parents and caregivers need to know about storing medicine securely at home.
Medicines can do a lot of good, but they can cause harm if they get into the wrong hands or are used the wrong way. This is true for both prescription and over-the-counter medicines. Safe storage and disposal of medicine in the home is one way to help keep everyone safe from accidental ingestion and medicine misuse.
Safe use of medicine also includes safe storage and disposal. Click here to learn more.
The following is a comprehensive list of prescription opioid brand names, generic names & street names. When any of these drugs are prescribed to you or a family member for any reason, be aware that they are opioids and should be taken as directed and only when needed.
View the list below, to learn more about common opioid brand, generic and street names.
Opioids: Brand names, generic names & street names
Fentanyl is a synthetic (man-made) opioid that is more toxic than most other opioids and can be prescribed by a physician to help control severe pain. Fentanyl is around 20 to 40 times more toxic than heroin and 50 to 100 times more toxic than morphine, making the risk of accidental overdose higher. Fentanyl is also being produced in illegal labs and sold on the streets, often mixed with other drugs.
Where is it found?
Fentanyl is sometimes sold as fentanyl, but other illegal drugs can also contain it, including heroin, cocaine, oxycodone, crack, or meth. It may be in drugs that are in powder, liquid, or pill form.
What can you do?
Be aware that drugs obtained from anywhere other than a pharmacy or a hospital may not be what you think they are or what others believe them to be.
For more information on other fentanyl facts, view the fact sheet below.
Or visit: cdc.gov - Fentanyl Facts
Prescription opioids used for pain relief are generally safe when taken for a short time and as prescribed by your health care provider. However, people who take opioids are at risk for opioid dependence, addiction, and overdose. These risks increase when opioids are misused. In an overdose, opioids can slow breathing to the point of death. Naloxone is a medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designed to reverse opioid overdose rapidly.
For more information about naloxone visit: corxconsortium.org/naloxone/
Opioid addiction, also known as opioid use disorder (OUD), is a chronic and relapsing disease that can affect anyone. In fact, millions of Americans suffer from opioid addiction. As with most other chronic diseases, addiction is treatable. If you or someone you know is struggling, treatment is available.
Click below to learn more about the signs of opioid addiction, recovery is possible, how treatment can help, and about local substance use treatment resources.
For more information, visit: the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website